Global warming is a phenomenon due to which the temperature of the earth’s surface; land, water, and atmosphere, is rising year-by-year due to many natural and human-made causes.
- 1 CAUSES OF GLOBAL WARMING :
The primary reason for global warming is the increase in the levels of greenhouse gases within the earth’s atmosphere. These gases absorb much of the heat that’s radiated out of the earth’s atmosphere. As the concentrations of these gases in the atmosphere increase, more and more heat energy that otherwise leaves the atmosphere is absorbed. Hence, resulting in an overall increase in the temperature of the earth’s atmosphere, land, and water. The rising levels of greenhouse gases are the primary cause of the phenomenon: Global Warming.
The level of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere is rising due to natural as well as human-made factors. The most prominent contributors to the rise in the level of greenhouse gases would be overpopulation, deforestation, farming, and electricity generation.
- 2 EFFECTS OF GLOBAL WARMING :
The impact of global warming is both: short-term and long-term. The long-term effects, however, are much more significant. A reduction in the snow cover surrounding the poles is one significant long-term effect. In fact, as things stand today, the poles are already melting.
- Rising Sea Level
Sea-level consequently, is already growing. If things continue to move along this trajectory, it’s predicted that shortly many coast-line countries such as Singapore, Fiji, Egypt, Bangladesh etc. will soon be underwater.
When countries go underwater, there will be widespread damage to flora and fauna that live in these countries. The loss of life will be immeasurable. People who lived in these countries will migrate to other countries. Such migration will cause many economic and political complications in the countries that they choose to relocate. Many people will be fighting for the same land, the same food, the equal job opportunities.
What’s worse is that one of the other long-term effects of global warming is desertification. Desertification is a type of land degradation in which a relatively dry area of land becomes increasingly arid, typically losing its bodies of water as well as vegetation and wildlife. The impact of widespread desertification is that the land which was earlier available for cultivation is no longer arable. Hence, there will be lesser land to grow food. Smaller area to grow food for more people equals to disaster. It’s a glimpse into the adverse impact that global warming can have in the long-run.
- 3 SOLUTIONS TO GLOBAL WARMING :
Global warming is not a problem with a direct answer. We can not stop this phenomenon entirely, but it can be slowed down. To slow down global warming, every individual on this planet needs to take ownership of this problem that’s been created by them. The crux of the solution lies in reducing the abundance of greenhouse gases released into the atmosphere.
- Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions
Out of all the human activities that contribute towards the release of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, none is more harmful than the burning of gasoline. E-vehicles which do not use gas and instead run on electricity are gaining traction in the marketplace today. Car companies around the world have taken some initiative towards reducing pollution by manufacturing E-vehicles. Volvo, for example, has come out in public and stated that they would soon stop producing petrol and diesel powered engines in favour of E-vehicles and hybrid vehicles.
- Renewable Energy
Renewable energy is one of the most effective tools we have in the fight against climate change. Generating electricity using these renewable sources will significantly slow-down the global warming process. Generate electricity using renewable sources like wind energy, solar energy, geothermal energy
Adopting the habit of recycling, too, will help slow down the process of global warming. The more we recycle, the lesser we waste. And the lesser we waste, the lesser we pollute the earth.
The human being is a selfish race. If we want to survive, we need to change our selfish ways. If we do not change our selfish means, then it’s highly possible that the children of the present generation may not live a life like the one they are living today. We must come forward to save our planet, Earth.