POVERTY – Causes, Effects & Solutions.

Poverty is a condition in which people do not have the means to afford basic human needs such as nutrition, health care, education,food, clothing and shelter. Poverty is one of the biggest problems that our country is facing today.

Living on less than $2 a day feels like an impossible scenario, but’s a reality for around 600 million people in our world today. Approximately 8% of the global population lives in extreme poverty, commonly defined as surviving on only $1.90 a day, or less.

Causes for Poverty :

1 . POOR HEALTHCARE SYSTEMS — ESPECIALLY FOR MOTHERS AND CHILDREN

Extreme poverty and poor health often go hand in hand. In countries where health systems are weak, easily preventable and treatable illnesses like malaria, diarrhea, and respiratory infections can be fatal – especially for young children. And when people must travel far distances to clinics or pay for medicine, it drains already vulnerable households of money and assets, and can tip a family from poverty into extreme poverty.

2 . LACK OF EDUCATION

Not every person without an education is living in extreme poverty. But most of the extremely poor don’t have an education. There are many barriers to education around the world, including a lack of money for uniforms and books, a bias against girls education, or many of the other causes of poverty mentioned here.

3 . POOR PUBLIC WORKS AND INFRASTRUCTURE

Imagine that you have to go to work, but there are no roads to get you there. Or heavy rains have flooded your route and made it impossible to travel. A lack of infrastructure – from roads, bridges, and wells, to cables for light, cell phones, and internet – can isolate communities living in rural areas. Living off the grid often means living without the ability to go to school, work, or the market to buy and sell goods. Traveling further distances to access basic services not only takes time, it costs money, keeping families in poverty.

4 . ADVERSE CLIMATIC CONDITIONS

There are some natural causes for poverty, including adverse climatic conditions like draughts. Living in regions where droughts are quite usual, people will suffer from poverty and food shortages since they may not be able to tilt their fields due to a lack of water.

5 . INSUFICIENT SOCIAL SECURITY

In many poor countries, social security schemes are quite limited or even non-existent. This means that if people get unemployed, they will not be able to get financial aid and may suffer from starvation.

Out of desperation, this may lead people to work in illegal businesses or work under adverse working conditions which increases the probability of health issues. In turn, these health issues may lead to severe poverty.

6 . LITTLE OR NO ACCESS TO CLEAN WATER, SANITATION, AND HYGIENE

Currently, more than 2 billion people don’t have access to clean water at home. This means that people (which is to say, women and girls) collectively spend some 200 million hours every day walking long distances to fetch water. That’s precious time that could be used working, or getting an education to help secure a job later in life.

Effects of Poverty :

  • Dependence
  • Drug use
  • Starvation
  • Illness
  • Mental issues
  • Adverse working conditions
  • Poor housing and living conditions
  • Spread of diseases
  • Inability to afford hospital treatment
  • Increase of the probability for conflicts and wars
  • Radical movements

Solutions for the Poverty Problem :

1 . Redefine cultural norms

In some cultures, many people are kept poor intentionally. There is a small elite of people who is quite rich and a majority of people who are considered to kind of serve them. This system works since people are often kind of brainwashed and see it as their natural destiny to serve.

We have to break these cultural values and make people aware that there is no need to serve other people. People should be free to abstract from cultural values and to strive for a better future.

2 . Community programs

Engaging in community programs that aim to fight poverty would be another step you could take in order to mitigate the problem. Even though it is only a small contribution, it could still improve the life of a few people who may be thankful for your support for the rest of their life.

3 . Better social security

Sufficient social security is crucial in order to fight poverty. Governments should ensure that people who become unemployed will still be supplied with enough food and other basic things.

By doing so, these people will be able to search for new jobs and will not be pressured into jobs with bad working conditions.

Moreover, social security will not only fight poverty but will also fight crime since people are less likely to engage in criminal activities if they have other options for sufficient income.

4 . Better health insurance

Proper health insurance is vital in order to build wealth and to escape poverty. Since treatments in hospitals are often quite expensive, people have to be covered through health insurance since they would have large amounts of debt otherwise.

Moreover, many people would also be not able to afford medical treatment at all, which may lead to serious health conditions or even death. Therefore, high-quality health insurance is crucial to fight poverty and the related adverse effects.

5 . More subsidies for education and childcare

Education is key to escape poverty. Thus, governments should provide more funds to subsidize education since it is one of the most effective measures to increase wealth for the country but also for individuals.

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