Stress is the body’s natural defense against predators and danger. It causes the body to flood with hormones that prepare its systems to evade or confront danger. People commonly refer to this as the fight or flight mechanism. When humans face a challenge or threat, they have a partly physical response. The body activates resources that help people either stay and confront the challenge or get to safety as fast as possible.
Stress can be defined as the way you feel when you’re under abnormal pressure. Everyone experiences stress from time to time, and it is a natural physical and mental reaction to life events.
What Are The Effects of Stress :
The stress impact on health can be significant, both physically and emotionally. Consider the following downstream effects of stress:
- Colds, flu, viruses, and other illnesses
- Depression and anxiety
- Heart problems or heart attack
- Insomnia or sleep disruptions
- Irritability and anger
- Stomach and gastrointestinal problems
- Substance use
- Trouble concentrating
The Causes Of Stress :
People react differently to stressful situations. What is stressful for one person may not be stressful for another, and almost any event can potentially cause stress. For some people, just thinking about a trigger or several smaller triggers can cause stress.
Common major life events that can trigger stress include:
- Job issues or retirement
- Lack of time or money
- Family problems
- Moving home
- Relationships, marriage, and divorce
- Abortion or pregnancy loss
- Driving in heavy traffic or fear of an accident
- Fear of crime or problems with neighbors
- Pregnancy and becoming a parent
- Excessive noise, overcrowding, and pollution
- Uncertainty or waiting for an important outcome
Tips For Managing The Impact Of Stress On Your Health :
A healthful, balanced diet containing plenty of fruit and vegetables can help maintain the immune system at times of stress. A poor diet can lead to ill health and additional stress.
Exercise And Get Active :
Getting active is one of the easiest and best ways to de-stress. Taking a walk, riding a bike, going for a run, gardening, yoga, or weightlifting, can change your focus and your brain hormones. Exercise creates endorphins, which are hormones that make you feel better and happier. When you feel happier, stress can be held at bay. Daily exercise and movement is key to helping counteract the effects of stress.
Reducing The Intake Of Alcohol, Drugs, And Caffeine :
These substances will not help prevent stress, and they can make it worse.
Get Involved In Enjoyable Activities :
Find a hobby or volunteer opportunity. When you’re engaged in an activity that you enjoy, it shifts focus away from your stress and onto something else.
Breathing And Relaxation :
Meditation, massage, and yoga can help. Breathing and relaxation techniques can slow down the heart rate and promote relaxation. Deep breathing is also a central part of mindfulness meditation.