Barack Hussein Obama II was born on August 4, 1961, in Honolulu, Hawaii, known as the 44th President of the United States also the first African American to hold this office he served two terms between 2008 and 2012.
He graduated from Columbia University and Harvard Law School, he was elected a U.S. senator representing Illinois in 2004.
Barack was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his amazing efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples in 2009.
Born to Barack Obama, Sr. and his wife, Stanley Ann Dunham. His mother was a white American, while his father was a black Kenyan, his parents separated when Barack was just an infant. Obama’s father was born of Luo ethnicity in Nyanza Province, Kenya and Obama’s mother S. Ann Dunham grew up in Kansas, Texas, and Washington state before her family settled in Honolulu. In 1960 she and Barack Sr. met in a Russian language class at the University of Hawaii and married less than a year later.
Obama lived for many years in Jakarta with his half sister, mother, and stepfather, Obama attended both a government-run school where he received some instruction in Islam and a Catholic private school where he took part in Christian schooling. He returned to Hawaii in 1971 and lived in bad conditions, sometimes with his grandparents and sometimes with his mother
Barack Obama graduated from high school in 1979 and moved to Los Angeles to attend Occidental College, then In 1981 he transferred to Columbia College, Columbia University in New York City, where he majored in political science with a specialty in international relations. He graduated with a Bachelor of Arts in 1983. Also he served as the president of the Harvard Law Review and his election as the first black president of the Harvard Law Review gained national media attention.
CAREER AND MAJOR WORKS AS A PRESIDENT
Barack was signed the $787 billion American Recovery and Reinvestment Act in order to promote economic growth in the midst of the major global recession, then after few months it was a surge in the number of jobs being created with a total of 3.7 million new private-sector jobs were created.and unemployment claims began to subside, also his major focus was on revitalizing the American economy after the recession and he signed the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act 2010 in order to re-regulate the financial sector after its decline during the recession.
Obama gave orders to all federal agencies to cut down on their environmental impacts by 2020. A 30 percent reduction in fleet gasoline use, and 26 percent boost in water efficiency are some of the goals envisioned to achieve lower environmental impacts over the next few years.
Obama undertook a complete overhaul of America’s foreign policy. He reached out to improve relations with Europe, China and Russia and to open dialogue with Iran, Venezuela and Cuba. He support a global economic stimulus package. He committed an additional 21,000 troops to Afghanistan and set an August 2010 date for withdrawal of nearly all U.S. troops from Iraq.
Obama officially began his second term on January 21, 2013, when U.S. Chief Justice John Roberts administered the oath of office. In his inaugural address, Obama called the nation to action on such issues as climate change, health care and marriage equality to a crowd gathered in front of the U.S. Capitol building.
AWARDS & ACHIEVMENT
Barack won the Nobel Peace Prize “for his extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples”.
Person of the Year twice, in 2008 and in 2012. The ‘Time’ magazine.
Two Best Spoken Word Album Grammy Awards.
He won awards for the abridged audiobook versions of ‘Dreams from My Father’ (2006) and for ‘The Audacity of Hope ‘(2008).