Major depression is one of the serious psychological problems currently spreading around the world, so what is major depression? What are its causes and symptoms?
WHAT IS MAJOR DEPRESSION?
Major depression is a disorder that affects a person’s psychological and mental health, which negatively affects a person’s feelings and way of thinking.
and there are stages of this disease, it may lead to major physical and emotional problems that reduce the affected person’s ability to work or even carry out recreational activities.
SYMPTOMS OF MAJOR DEPRESSION
Major depression is not just a bad mood for some time, as the patient may suffer from several daily symptoms that last for more than two weeks or even for several months at least.
And the most important of these symptoms are:
- Non-permanent mood and sadness.
- Sleep problems, such as: permanent insomnia or abnormal sleep.
- Feeling permanently tired and exhausted with a loss of energy.
- Loss of appetite or overeating.
- Loss of desire to do activities that please the person.
- Difficulty thinking, focusing, or even making decisions.
- Feeling worthless, self-deprecating or guilty.
- Frequent thinking of death or suicide.
CAUSES OF MAJOR DEPRESSION
Although there is the possibility of anyone experiencing depression, there are some factors that increase the chances of developing it,
The most important of which are:
- GENETICS: Family history plays a role in the likelihood that a person will have it.
- MALNUTRITION: The deficiency of some important vitamins for the body, such as: vitamin B, or vitamin D, may affect the psychological health of a person.
- ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS: Daily stressors such as stress or exposure to traumatic accidents, such as the loss of a loved one, increase the chance of severe depression.
- HORMONALES CHANGES: Large numbers of women suffer from it as a result of hormonal changes. In addition, thyroid problems lead to symptoms of it.
- BRAIN CHIMESTRY: An imbalance of neurotransmitters responsible for controlling mood may lead to it.
- OTHER REASONS: including the following:
- Taking some medications, such as: antispasmodics or pressure medications.
- Addiction to alcohol or drugs may increase the risk of depressive symptoms