Diabetes is one of the most common diseases in the world. Learn about the most important causes of diabetes type 2 in the following article.
The term diabetes refers to a group of diseases related to the hormone insulin, where insulin transports sugar to cells to be stored and used for energy production
and a disorder in the insulin hormone leads to high blood sugar.
When the blood sugar level is higher than normal but not high enough to be diagnosed as type 2 diabetes
then this condition is called prediabetes, but what are the causes of diabetes?
CAUSES OF DIABETES TYPE 2
Insulin will form in the pancreas, when the pancreas is unable to produce insulin or produces too little
or the body does not respond appropriately to the presence of the hormone insulin, diabetes occurs.
There are several types of diabetes, and each type has causes that lead to its occurrence
And the following are the causes of diabetes type 2:
This typically occurs when the body becomes resistant to insulin, which leads to a buildup of sugar in the blood.
The following are the main reasons that increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes:
Scientists have found that variations in small parts of the DNA affect the way the body produces insulin.
As overweight and obesity cause insulin resistance, especially if the extra weight is in the abdominal area.
- METABOLIC SYNDROME
People with insulin resistance often have a range of health conditions, including high blood pressure
excess fat around the waist, high blood sugar, high cholesterol, and triglycerides.
- A LARGE AMOUNT OF SUGAR FROM THE LIVER
When the blood sugar level is low, the liver works to send glucose, and after eating
the blood sugar level rises, so the liver stores glucose for a later time
But in some people, this does not happen and the liver continues to break down sugar.
- SENDING AND RECEIVING FALSE SIGNALS BETWEEN CELLS
Sometimes false signals are sent and received between cells, affecting the production or use of insulin or glucose by cells, which can cause diabetes.
- DISRUPTION OF INSULIN-PRODUCING BETA CELLS
If the insulin-producing cells send the wrong amounts at the wrong time, the level of sugar in the blood will lag, and too high can damage these cells.